Positive Data from Phase 3 ECHELON-2 Clinical Trial Presented by Seattle Genetics and Takeda for ADCETRIS® (Brentuximab Vedotin) in Frontline Treatment of CD30-Expressing Peripheral T-Cell Lymphomas
Posted on December 4, 2018
Seattle Genetics, Inc. and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited announced that data from the ECHELON-2 phase 3 clinical trial will be presented today in an oral session at the 60thAmerican Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting. The data demonstrated that frontline treatment with ADCETRIS (brentuximab vedotin) in combination with CHP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, prednisone) is effective in extending progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with a safety profile comparable to CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone), a current standard of care in patients with CD30-expressing peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL). These data were also simultaneously published online in TheLancet. ADCETRIS is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) directed to CD30, which is expressed on the surface of several types of PTCL.
The positive topline results of the ECHELON-2 phase 3 clinical trial were previously reported in October 2018. In November 2018, ADCETRIS was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for adults with previously untreated systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (sALCL) or other CD30-expressing PTCL, including angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma and PTCL not otherwise specified, in combination with CHP. The ECHELON-2 data were the basis of a supplemental Biologics License Application (BLA), which was reviewed by the FDA under its Real-Time Oncology Review Pilot Program and approved less than two weeks after complete submission of the supplemental BLA.
“As clinicians, we are always searching for new strategies to address unmet needs in aggressive blood cancers, and ADCETRIS has proven to be one of those agents that has shown benefit for patients in multiple types of lymphoma and now in frontline PTCL,” said Steven Horwitz, M.D., Department of Medicine, Lymphoma Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. “This research is important for patients because clinicians now have a novel approach for treating newly diagnosed patients with CD30-expressing PTCL, a group of aggressive cancers. The ECHELON-2 data demonstrates that ADCETRIS plus CHP is superior in extending both progression-free survival and overall survival compared to a current standard of care, CHOP, a multi-agent chemotherapy regimen we have been using in practice for several decades.”
“This is the sixth FDA-approved indication for ADCETRIS in lymphoid malignancies and the second as a frontline treatment in combination with chemotherapy,” said Roger Dansey, M.D., Chief Medical Officer at Seattle Genetics. “The data presented today at ASH underscores that the ADCETRIS combination provides clinically meaningful benefit to patients with previously untreated PTCL and has the potential to be practice changing for these patients.”
“We are pleased to share these impressive results from the ECHELON-2 trial, which build on the efficacy and safety observed with ADCETRIS in a variety of CD30-positive lymphomas,” said Jesús Gómez-Navarro, M.D., Vice President and Head, Oncology Clinical Research and Development, Takeda. “The study demonstrated clinically meaningful outcomes and was the first randomized phase 3 trial in frontline PTCL to show improvement in overall survival. Establishing an optimal therapy for PTCL has been a challenge for physicians, and these findings represent the progress in addressing the unmet needs of people living with this serious disease. We look forward to working with regulatory authorities in our territory to bring a potential new treatment option to patients with PTCL.”
The ECHELON-2 Trial: Results of a Randomized, Double-Blind, Active-Controlled Phase 3 Study of Brentuximab Vedotin and CHP (A+CHP) Versus CHOP in the Frontline Treatment of Patients with CD30+ Peripheral T-Cell Lymphomas (Abstract #997, oral presentation on Monday, December 3, 2018 at 6:15 p.m. PT at the San Diego Convention Center, Room 6F)
ECHELON-2 is a global, randomized, double-blind, multi-center trial evaluating ADCETRIS as part of a frontline combination chemotherapy regimen in patients with previously untreated CD30-expressing PTCL. The primary endpoint is PFS per Blinded Independent Central Review (BICR), with events defined as progression, death, or receipt of chemotherapy for residual or progressive disease. Key secondary endpoints include PFS in patients with sALCL, complete remission (CR) rate, OS and objective response rate (ORR). ECHELON-2 enrolled 452 patients (226 in each arm) at 132 sites in 17 countries across North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and the Middle East. The median age of patients was 58 years. The study enrolled patients with advanced disease (80 percent) and most patients had sALCL (48 percent ALK-negative and 22 percent ALK-positive).
Key findings, which will be presented by Dr. Steven Horwitz and published in TheLancet, include:
- The ECHELON-2 study met its primary endpoint with ADCETRIS plus CHP demonstrating a statistically significant improvement in PFS as assessed by a BICR (hazard ratio [HR]=0.71; p-value=0.0110). This corresponds to a 29 percent reduction in the risk of progression, death or need for additional anticancer therapy for residual or progressive disease.
- After a median follow-up time of 36.2 months, the median PFS in the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm was 48.2 months (95% CI, 35.2-not evaluable) compared to 20.8 months (95% CI, 12.7-47.6) in the control arm per BICR assessment. The three-year PFS was 57.1 percent for ADCETRIS plus CHP compared to 44.4 percent in the control arm.
- Per investigator assessment, ADCETRIS plus CHP demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in PFS (HR=0.70; p-value=0.0096).
- OS in the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm was statistically significant compared to CHOP (HR=0.66; p-value=0.0244). This corresponds to a 34 percent reduction in the risk of death.
- After a median follow-up of 42.1 months, the median OS was not reached for either arm of the study. The estimated three-year OS was 76.8 percent for ADCETRIS plus CHP compared to 69.1 percent for CHOP.
- All other key secondary endpoints, including CR rate and ORR, in addition to PFS in patients with sALCL, were statistically significant in favor of the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm. Per BICR assessment, the CR rate (68 percent versus 56 percent, respectively) and ORR (83 percent versus 72 percent, respectively) for the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm were significantly higher than those treated with CHOP (p-value=0.0066 and p-value=0.0032, respectively). Per investigator assessment, the CR rate and ORR showed a similar benefit for the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm versus CHOP (p-value=0.0043 and p-value=0.0018, respectively).
- Excluding consolidative stem cell transplant or radiotherapy for consolidation of response to initial therapy, 74 percent of patients in the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm versus 58 percent of patients in the CHOP arm did not require subsequent anticancer therapies for residual or progressive disease. Of the 226 patients who received CHOP, 49 patients (22 percent) received subsequent treatment with an ADCETRIS-containing therapy.
- The safety profile of ADCETRIS plus CHP in the ECHELON-2 trial was comparable to CHOP and consistent with the established safety profile of ADCETRIS in combination with chemotherapy.
- The most common treatment-related adverse events of any grade occurring in 20 percent or more of patients in the ADCETRIS plus CHP and CHOP arm were: nausea (46 and 38 percent, respectively), peripheral sensory neuropathy (45 and 41 percent, respectively), neutropenia (38 percent each), diarrhea (38 and 20 percent, respectively), constipation (29 and 30 percent, respectively), alopecia (26 and 25 percent, respectively), pyrexia (26 and 19 percent, respectively), vomiting (26 and 17 percent, respectively), fatigue (24 and 20 percent, respectively) and anaemia (21 and 16 percent, respectively).
- The most common Grade 3 or higher adverse events occurring in the ADCETRIS plus CHP and CHOP arms were neutropenia (35 and 34 percent, respectively) and anaemia (13 and 10 percent, respectively).
- The incidence and severity of neutropenia was similar between study arms, and lower in the subset of patients who received primary prophylaxis with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor. Febrile neutropenia was reported in 41 patients (18 percent) in the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm and 33 patients (15 percent) in the CHOP arm.
- New or worsening treatment-emergent peripheral neuropathy events occurred in 117 patients (52 percent) in the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm and 124 patients (55 percent) in the CHOP arm, with a majority at a maximum severity of Grade 1 (64 and 71 percent, respectively). At last follow-up, peripheral neuropathy returned to baseline or lower in 50 percent of the patients in the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm versus 64 percent in the CHOP arm, and the median time to resolution was 17 weeks and 11.4 weeks, respectively.
- Adverse events leading to death occurred in seven patients (three percent) in the ADCETRIS plus CHP arm and nine patients (four percent) in the CHOP arm.
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